2024 Public Holidays in India

By | January 14, 2024

Public Holidays in India 2024

India, a land of diverse cultures, religions, and traditions, celebrates numerous public holidays throughout the year. These holidays reflect the country’s rich heritage and commemorate significant events, religious festivals, and national milestones. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the public holidays in India for the year 2024, providing detailed descriptions of each holiday along with information on the groups entitled to days off.

New Year’s Day – January 1, 2024

New Year’s Day marks the beginning of the Gregorian calendar year and is celebrated with enthusiasm and optimism across India. It is a time for parties, gatherings, and resolutions for the upcoming year.

Days off: New Year’s Day is a public holiday in India, observed by government offices, businesses, and educational institutions, providing a day off for employees and students.

Makar Sankranti – January 14, 2024

Makar Sankranti, also known as Pongal in South India, marks the transition of the sun into the zodiac sign of Capricorn. It is celebrated with colorful kites, traditional rituals, and feasting.

Days off: Makar Sankranti is not a national public holiday in India but is observed as a festival in some states, such as Gujarat, Maharashtra, and Karnataka, where businesses and educational institutions may grant leave or reduced hours for employees to participate in festivities.

Republic Day – January 26, 2024

Republic Day honors the date on which the Constitution of India came into effect in 1950, making India a sovereign democratic republic. It is celebrated with grand parades, cultural performances, and the hoisting of the national flag in New Delhi.

Days off: Republic Day is a national public holiday in India, observed with a day off for government offices, businesses, and educational institutions across the country.

Maha Shivaratri – March 4, 2024

Maha Shivaratri, dedicated to Lord Shiva, is a Hindu festival celebrated with fasting, prayers, and night-long vigils at temples.

Days off: Maha Shivaratri is not a national public holiday in India but is observed as a religious festival in many states, particularly in North India, where businesses and educational institutions may grant leave or reduced hours for employees to participate in religious observances.

Holi – March 17, 2024

Holi, also known as the Festival of Colors, signifies the victory of good over evil and the arrival of spring. It is celebrated with the throwing of colored powders, water balloons, and festive gatherings.

Days off: Holi is not a national public holiday in India but is widely celebrated as a cultural festival, particularly in North India, where businesses and educational institutions may grant leave or reduced hours for employees to participate in festivities.

Good Friday – April 12, 2024

Good Friday commemorates the crucifixion of Jesus Christ and is observed by Christians across India with church services, processions, and acts of devotion.

Days off: Good Friday is a public holiday in India, observed with a day off for government offices, businesses, and educational institutions, particularly in states with significant Christian populations.

Eid al-Fitr – April 1-2, 2024

Eid al-Fitr, also known as Ramzan Eid, marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting. It is celebrated with prayers, feasting, and the exchange of gifts among Muslims.

Days off: Eid al-Fitr is a public holiday in India, observed with a day off for government offices, businesses, and educational institutions, particularly in states with significant Muslim populations.

Independence Day – August 15, 2024

Independence Day commemorates India’s independence from British colonial rule on August 15, 1947. It is celebrated with flag hoisting ceremonies, cultural programs, and patriotic fervor.

Days off: Independence Day is a national public holiday in India, observed with a day off for government offices, businesses, and educational institutions across the country.

Raksha Bandhan – August 31, 2024

Raksha Bandhan is a Hindu festival celebrating the bond between brothers and sisters. Sisters tie rakhi (sacred threads) on their brothers’ wrists, and brothers pledge to protect and support their sisters.

Days off: Raksha Bandhan is not a national public holiday in India but is observed as a cultural festival, particularly in North India, where businesses and educational institutions may grant leave or reduced hours for employees to celebrate with their families.

Ganesh Chaturthi – September 2, 2024

Ganesh Chaturthi celebrates the birth of Lord Ganesha, the elephant-headed god of wisdom and prosperity. It is observed with the installation of Ganesha idols, prayers, and cultural performances.

Days off: Ganesh Chaturthi is not a national public holiday in India but is observed as a religious festival, particularly in Maharashtra and other parts of Western India, where businesses and educational institutions may grant leave or reduced hours for employees to participate in festivities.

Gandhi Jayanti – October 2, 2024

Gandhi Jayanti honors the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the nation and a champion of nonviolent resistance. It is observed with prayer services, tributes, and community service activities.

Days off: Gandhi Jayanti is a national public holiday in India, observed with a day off for government offices, businesses, and educational institutions across the country.

Diwali – October 24, 2024

Diwali, also known as Deepavali, is the Festival of Lights and one of the most important Hindu festivals. It signifies the victory of light over darkness and good over evil and is celebrated with the lighting of oil lamps, fireworks, and festive meals.

Days off: Diwali is a public holiday in India, observed with a day off for government offices, businesses, and educational institutions across the country.

Christmas Day – December 25, 2024

Christmas Day celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ and is observed by Christians across India with church services, carol singing, and festive gatherings.

Days off: Christmas Day is a public holiday in India, observed with a day off for government offices, businesses, and educational institutions across the country.

Table: Summary of Public Holidays in India 2024

Holiday Date Description Days Off for Groups
New Year’s Day January 1 Beginning of the Gregorian calendar year Government, Businesses, Educational
Makar Sankranti January 14 Transition of the sun into Capricorn Some businesses, Educational
Republic Day January 26 Adoption of the Constitution of India Government, Businesses, Educational
Maha Shivaratri March 4 Celebration of Lord Shiva’s auspicious night Some businesses, Educational
Holi March 17 Festival of Colors Some businesses, Educational
Good Friday April 12 Commemoration of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ Government, Businesses, Educational
Eid al-Fitr April 1-2 End of Ramadan Government, Businesses, Educational
Independence Day August 15 Commemoration of India’s independence Government, Businesses, Educational
Raksha Bandhan August 31 Celebration of the bond between brothers and sisters Some businesses, Educational
Ganesh Chaturthi September 2 Celebration of the birth of Lord Ganesha Some businesses, Educational
Gandhi Jayanti October 2 Birthday of Mahatma Gandhi Government, Businesses, Educational
Diwali October 24 Festival of Lights Government, Businesses, Educational
Christmas Day December 25 Celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ Government, Businesses, Educational

 

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