Alaska State Overview

By | October 5, 2022

Alaska is a region of fur hunters, Indians and Eskimos. It is also a region where the road network is so sparse and nature so harsh that it is common to travel here by dog sled, boat or small private plane. While at the end of the last century, the mere pronunciation of the name of the Chilkoot Pass terrified the entire west coast of the American continent, today this forty-kilometer journey between mountain peaks is the most popular tourist route in all of Alaska.

At the beginning of the millennium, the rugged North is not drawn by the masses of yellow metal, but we will meet thousands of travelers from all over the world who set out on the sights of ancient adventurous times. Thanks to these tourists, the Gold Rush never ended. And what attracts the most famous Chilkoot Pass, the place where gold diggers suffered the most a hundred years ago.

Alaska is a place that in every hiker arouses interest in participating in a journey to this region, surrounded by romance. It is indeed a place where a lot of wildlife still lives, nature is largely preserved and it is more than likely that the visitor will be the first in some places.

The name Alaska was taken from the Aleutian word “Alyeska”, meaning “Great Land”. The first inhabitants of Alaska were probably ice age people. They migrated east from Siberia and entered Alaska over a land bridge that connected Asia and North America in prehistoric times (about 30-40,000 years ago). Then, in the interglacial period, it was flooded by the sea and the two continents were separated by today’s Bering Strait.

Alaska is located on a peninsula in the northwestern part of the North American continent. Alaska is located in the northwestern part of the Cordillera, which begins in Alaska and has a west-east course there. The northern coast of Alaska is washed by the Arctic Ocean (Beaufort Sea), the Pacific Ocean in the south (Gulf of Alaska), the Chukchi and Bering Seas in the west. Cape Barrow is the northernmost point of Alaska (ie the entire US), while the southernmost point of Alaska is located on the island of Amatignak (Aleutians).

The sea in Alaska does not freeze. The average annual temperature is -2 to -3 ° C. Winters here are relatively mild, but summers are colder than inland. The average temperatures of the coldest months of the year reach only -10 ° C, in some of the southernmost parts of Alaska the temperatures do not fall below 0 ° C.

There are 9 national parks, 2 national monuments, 10 national protected areas, 2 national historical parks and 2 national forests in Alaska. In total, 13% of the state’s territory is protected. In order to preserve the natural relationships and links between the Nordic forest and the taiga ecosystem, protected areas must be larger than in the temperate zone.

Denali is undoubtedly one of the symbols of Alaska. In the language of the original inhabitants, it means The great one, or Great. And the highest mountain in North America, officially called Mt. McKinley, it’s really big. There are more than 3,000 rivers in Alaska that flow to the three corners of the world and flow into two oceans. Alaska’s largest river is the Yukon, Alaska’s largest lake is Illiama Lake. Approximately 35% of the area consists of forests, but it is more of sparse vegetation and shrubs along the coast. Nearly 5% of Alaska’s surface is covered by glaciers. Alaska’s most important river, the Yukon, flows through northwestern Canada and central Alaska for a total length of 3,185 km. About half of the Yukon Basin is located in Alaska.

Under US President Eisenhower, Alaska was accepted as a US state, the first state not directly adjacent to other US states. On January 3, 1959, Alaska became the 49th U.S. state. According to COUNTRYAAH, the vast majority of Alaskan cities are situated on the banks of large rivers and especially on the coast in southern Alaska, compared to the largest Alaskan city of Anchorage, they are very small, with a maximum of a few thousand people.

According to TRACKAAH, the state capital of Alaska lies on the coast in the southeast of the state, at the foot of Mt. Roberts and Mt. Juneau. The capital is concentrated in the state administration, fisheries and fish processing industry, wood and mining industry and services related to tourism. Transportation to this city is only by boat or plane. Juneau did not officially become the capital of Alaska until 1900. Originally, Juneau was a settlement of the Tlingit Indians, and in 1880 gold was discovered in the area.

Alagnak Wild River

The wild Alagnak River flows through the Alaska Peninsula, forming extensive meanders all the way to Bristol Bay. This rugged Aleutian nature has become home to many species of wildlife and this is also one of the reasons why it has been declared an Alagnak Wild River National Park. For example, you can meet brown bears, moose, wolves, beavers and majestic eagles circling overhead.

The area around the Alagnak River is considered the land of bears. Therefore, in the interest of their own safety, visitors must follow some fundamental rules. Because bears are active both during the day and at night, you must be constantly on the lookout. Especially watch out for food and not leave it in accessible places. Then carefully pack food with a strong aroma so that it does not attract bears even more. The bears very quickly found out that where there are people, there is also enough food.

If visitors are careful, they can enjoy the untouched nature and the considerable cultural heritage that has been preserved in southwest Alaska. The Alagnak River is part of 3,210 miles of protected nature and has become one of Alaska’s most popular fishing destinations. Alaska River View Lodge is a place which is worth the attention.

The coast is washed by the Bering Sea and the fresh tidal water is ideal for fishing. The rivers are full of fish, especially rainbow trout, pike, grayling and five species of salmon. That’s why they attract fishing enthusiasts from all over America. However, there is no road to the national park and access is only allowed by plane. Shallow water alternates with deep water, so fishermen often have to wade for better catches, for example in the middle of the river. It is divided into hundreds of smaller canals, where salmon like to spawn.

The Bristol Bay area is characterized by frequent fogs, cloudy weather with rain and wind. During the winter, the soil is frozen, but the rivers remain mostly open, or thin layers of ice form on them. Visitors to the park should always remember quality warm clothes, because the weather can be really unpredictable even during the summer.

Alagnak Wild River