Arkansas State Overview

By | October 5, 2022

Arkansas is located on the west bank of the Mississippi River. The northern part of the area is filled with the wooded Ozark Plateau, and the low-rise Ouachita Mountains rise in the southwest. The developed cultures of the original inhabitants existed in this area as early as 500. The first European settlers were the French in the 17th century.

In 1803, the territory was sold as part of Louisiana to the United States. Huge cotton beaches were created here, on which black slaves worked. Arkansas joined the Union, forming the border between the states that approved slavery and opposed it. In 1861 he joined the Confederacy. Weakened by the civil war, he remained faithful to tradition and cultivated cotton, and racial segregation also underwent no changes.

The eastern border of Arkansas is formed by the Mississippi River and separates it from the state of Mississippi. It has a southern border with Louisiana, a northern border with Missouri and Tennessee, and a western border with Texas and Oklahoma. Arkansas is a beautiful country full of mountains and valleys, dense forests and fertile plains. West Arkansas is mountainous, in the eastern part there are lowlands. The Ozark and Ouachita Mountains, located in northern and western Arkansas, are also known as the Scottish Highlands. Arkansas is the only country in the United States where diamonds are found freely.

Today’s Arkansas is still one of the most backward states in the Union. Not only cotton is grown here, other crops have also been added – rice, buckle, fruit. Bauxite and oil mining and the chemical, woodworking and electronics industries developed. Perhaps its beautiful highlands, which are becoming a destination for tourists, will help the state to develop services and tourism.

The Mississippi affected the minds and mentalities of the Americans. She took it and transformed it into her image. Its flow unites all parts of the world; south to north, east to west. On its banks, a kind of mix of everything the earth gives is created. Cultural and religious conflicts are resolved here. It no longer matters that they come from different parts of the world. Everything is side by side here; at your fingertips. Art, music… everything is intertwined and mixed in various ways, new styles are created that make up the whole American style and culture.

Ornithologists around the world are excited and amazed. In the forests of the Mississippi River basin in the US state of Arkansas, a male princely datebird was observed, a bird that had long been considered extinct – the latest report of its occurrence dates from 1944. Princely date palms inhabited originally lowland forests in the southeastern United States. in the first half of the 20th century they succumbed to massive logging. Now the forest complexes are slowly recovering here, and with them, the date palms seem to have risen.

Arkansas Post National Monument

The first permanent European colony in the Mississippi River Valley was named the Arkansas Post. It played a significant role in the never-ending struggle between France, Spain and England, which sought to gain dominance over the Mississippi River Valley and the lucrative fur trade that flourished in those places.

The first Europeans to enter the territory in 1541 were the Spanish colonizers led by Conquistador Hernandez, de Soto. After more than two years of wandering, his army reached Arkansas and crossed the Mississippi River. In 1686, a trading center was established in these places, which the Frenchman Henri de Tonti named the “Poste de Arkansas”.

In 1803, the Arkansas Post became part of the United States. Around 1819, the Arkansas Post began to transform into a thriving city with a river port, which subsequently became the largest city in the region and was chosen as the first capital of the state. During the American Civil War in 1862, massive clay fortifications were built in the area, such as Fort Hindman. In 1863, Union troops invaded the area, occupying the fort and securing control of the Arkansas River.

The Arkansas Post is surrounded by vast prairies, lowland forests, wetlands and swamps. The landscape has changed over the centuries due to numerous eruptions, floods and also depending on human activities. Nevertheless, a piece of untouched nature remains in these places, which is home to a large number of wild animals, such as deer, alligators, raccoons and a number of migratory and waterfowl. The bald eagle is also an important inhabitant of the area.

In the visitor center you can watch an informative film about the history of the park called “Echoes of the past”. There are also numerous exhibits that reflect the more than 300-year history of the Arkansas Post. There are about 2 km of trails through the park, if you are interested, you can listen to an expert explanation from the guide. Fishing is allowed in all waters around the park, but you must have an Arkansas fishing license.

Arkansas Post National Monument