Cagayan de Oro
Cagayan de Oro, port city on the north coast of Mindanao, Philippines, (2015) 676,000 residents (in the metropolitan area 716,100 residents).
Archbishopric; University; Center of copra cultivation, extensive industrial facilities under construction; international Airport.
Angeles [ a ŋ xeles, Spanish], city in the rice plains of Central Luzon, Philippines, 90 km north-west of Manila, (2015) 411 600 residents (metropolitan area 1.3 million residents).
Economically closely linked to the neighboring former US base Clark Air Base, on whose territory a.o. an international airport and a special economic zone were created.
Davao, city on Mindanao, Philippines, on the Gulf of Davao, (2015) 1.6 million residents (in the metropolitan area 1.4 million residents).
University (founded 1946); Bishopric; Harbor, commercial and timber center, cultivation of Manila hemp, coconut trees, spices, coffee and cocoa.
Masbate [maz ate], archipelago of the Philippines, between the southeastern tip of Luzon and Panay, 4,048 km 2, roughly 892,400 residents. The main islands are Masbate (3,287 km 2), Burias (424 km 2) and Ticao (334 km 2). The main branches of industry are maize and rice cultivation, coconut palm planting, beef cattle farming, and fishing.
Bohol [bo ɔ l], island in the Visayasgruppe, Philippines, 4,117 km 2, to 870 m above sea level, 1.31 million residents; Rice and maize cultivation, coconut palm plantations; in the north the “Chocolate Hills” (tropical cone karst).
Cebu [Spanish θe u], long island in the center of the Visayan Islands, Philippines, 5,088 km 2, 4.63 million people; sharp contrast between densely populated coastal lowlands and deforested, partly karstified mountains (heights up to 1,000 m above sea level); Center of maize cultivation (sometimes three harvests per year), also coconut palms, bananas, mango and sugar cane plantations as well as vegetable cultivation; Coal, iron ore, gold and silver mining, the reopening of the largest copper mine in the Philippines near Toledo, which has been closed since 1994, is planned.
Leyte [ lε tə], in the eastern part of the Visayas archipelago, Philippines, lying island, 7,214 km 2, approx. 2.4 million residents. A central wooded mountain range (up to 1,350 m above sea level) runs through Leyte from the south-south-east to the north-north-west. The coasts are densely populated (sometimes more than 500 residents per km 2).Cultivation of rice, corn, sweet potatoes, sugar cane, peanuts, bananas; Coconut palm plantations; Fishing; geothermal power plants at Ormoc. Leyte is connected to the neighboring island of Samar by the San Juanico Bridge (2.162 km), which was completed in 1973. Main locations: Tacloban in the northeast, Ormoc in the northwest and Maasin in the south. – On Leyte, the US Army began to recapture the Japanese-occupied Philippines in 1944.
Mindoro, island of the Philippines, located between Luzon and Palawan, 9,735 km 2 in size, around 1.33 million residents. Agricultural use is concentrated on the coastal plains; Cultivation of rice, corn, peanuts, Manila hemp, also sugar cane and bananas; through immigration v. a. In the 20th century, the old Indonesian tribes settling here (including the Mangyan) weredisplacedinto the mountainous (up to 2,587 m above sea level) and forested, largely undeveloped interior of the island.
Panay [pa na ], island of the Philippines, with 11,515 km 2 second largest island (after Negros) of Western Visayas; around 4.48 million residents.The core region is the narrow (in the southeast wide) coastal plain in the north and west with the important cultural and commercial center of Iloilo. Cultivation of sugar cane, rice and coconut palms, as well as corn, bananas, tobacco, vegetables and wine crops (north of Iloilo). The interior is occupied by mountains (parallel to the coast, up to 2 180 m above sea level) and hill countries, in which a few thousand aeta are still engaged in slash and burn farming. Inshore fishing, food industry; Iloilo – Roxas railway line (106 km). In recent times tourism has developed (especially on the side islands of Sicogon and Borocay).
According to ehotelat, Negros is the largest of the Visayan Islands, Philippines, 12,705 km 2, 4.4 million residents; divided into two provinces: Negros Occidental (capital and port city: Bacolod) and Negros Oriental (Capital and port: Dumaguete). The central mountains (up to 2,465 m above sea level) result in a tripartite division of the island: in the west there is a wide coastal plain with the most important sugar cane-growing area in the Philippines; in addition, as on the much narrower east coast plain, rice, maize and bananas are grown; furthermore coconut palm forests. In the interior, the old Indonesian tribes that have been pushed back operate land-changing farming, the only a few remaining Aeta shifting cultivation. The industry processes sugar cane and coconuts.
Samar, third largest island in the Philippines, 13,400 km 2, in the eastern part of the Visayas. With around 1.9 million residents, Samar is relatively sparsely populated, especially the poorly developed, densely forested inner mountainous region. The Pan Philippine Highway along the west coast, which was only completed in 1980, connects Samar (via a car ferry to Matnog on Luzon) with Manila and in the south via the San Juanico Bridge with Leyte.The industry is underdeveloped; Copper, bauxite and iron ore mining; Timber industry; Fishing; Cultivation of rice, corn, potatoes; as market cultivation v. a. Coconut palms and Manila hemp. The main places are Catbalogan and Calbayog on the more densely populated west coast, Catarman (university) in the north, Borongan in the east. Samar is one of the main emigration areas of the country (especially to Manila).