Connecticut is geographically the third smallest state in the United States and is situated on the northeast coast. This area is nicknamed New England and borders the states of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Long Island and New York. Connecticut is one of the oldest communities in the United States, joining the Union in 1788 and becoming the 5th state in the United States. Today, about 3 and a half million people live here. Today’s name of the state comes from the Indian word Quinnehtukqut and was established in 1600.
According to TRACKAAH, the original inhabitants were the Algonquians. In the 1930s, the first English Puritans came here and began to establish settlements here. They tried to get along with the Indians without conflict, as it was clear to them that hostility would lead to nothing but war. Moreover, at that time, the Indian population still had a considerable predominance. The settlers gradually occupied two main areas: the Connecticut River Valley and the coastal towns of Saybrook and New Heaven. In 1662, these colonies were officially recognized.
During the 19th century, Connecticut became the destination of many Irish and French-speaking Canadian immigrants. There has been great development, especially in industry and trade. Many textile factories grew up here and agriculture was in decline. Even today, agriculture plays only a small role in the state’s economy. The main industries include the manufacture of weapons, watches, silverware and sewing machines, and the aerospace industry has also developed. Connecticut has some of the best American universities, such as the prestigious private Yale University, which was founded in 1701.
The capital of the state became Hartford, which lies on the Connecticut River and is the second largest city in the country. The most important monuments include Bushnell Park, the Romanesque Catholic Cathedral of St. Joseph, the birthplace of Mark Twain, or you can visit the oldest art museum in the United States, the Wadsworth Atheneum of Art. One of the most common services in this city is insurance, which is why it is sometimes referred to as the “insurance capital of the world.” Other major cities in Commecticut include Bridgeport, New Haven, Stamford, Waterbury, Norwalk, New Britain and Greenwich.
The most important natural attractions include the Connecticut River and the Long Island Sound. A part of the northern Appalachian Mountains, the highest peak of which is Mount Frissell, extends into the territory of the state. About half of the country is covered by mixed and deciduous forests. In addition, there are a large number of glacial lakes.
According to COUNTRYAAH, Hartford covers an area of 46.5 km2 is the capital of the US state of Connecticut. Today, Hartford is home to about 130,000 people, but there are approximately 1,300,000 people in the metropolitan area, which includes other small towns. Hartford is the second largest city in the state after Bridgeport.
It is also sometimes called the “insurance capital of the world” because insurance is one of the most widespread services in this area. Companies such as CIGNA, Colt Firearms, Pratt & Whitney, Otis Elevator, Sikorsky Aircraft, Carrier Corporation, Hamilton Sundstrand are based here.
The Connecticut River flows through the city, separating Hartford from the eastern suburbs. It originally formed the border between the northern and southern parts of the city and was the main part of Bushnell Park. Hartford borders West Hartford, Newington, Wethersfield, East Hartford, Bloomfield, South Windsor and Windsor. The city is located in a humid continental climate zone, which means that summers are usually hot and winters are cold, accompanied by frequent snowfall.
Hartford is home to several universities and schools, such as Trinity College, Hartford Conservatory, The Institute of Living, Capital Community College, University of Connecticut School of Business, Hartford Seminary, University of Connecticut School of Law. Also nearby is the prestigious private Yale University, which was founded in 1701. It has become the third oldest institution of higher education in the United States. The university is named after its first patron, Elihu Yale. Yale has long competed with another prestigious school – Harvard University, not only in education but also in sports.
One of Hartford’s most attractive sites is Bushnell Park, designed by Frederick Law Olmsted – an architect who is best known for his Central Park design. The dominant feature of the town is the Romanesque Catholic Cathedral of St. Joseph. There is also the House of Mark Twain or the Wadsworth Atheneum of Art, the oldest art museum in the United States, which features works by prominent Italian Baroque masters and post-Impressionist art. The town is home to the Hartford Wolf Pack Hockey Club.