The Union’s second smallest state, Delaware, is an industrialized and densely populated state. The US Member State is located in the eastern part of the Delmarva Peninsula on the Atlantic coast. North Delaware forms part of the Atlantic Megapolis – a long strip of cities that stretches from Washington to Boston. It is located on the east coast of the USA.
Delaware is bordered on the north by the state of Pennsylvania, on the south and on the west by the state of Maryland. To the northeast behind the Delaware River and Delaware Bay lies the state of New Jersey. In the east, Delaware is washed by the Atlantic Ocean. Most of the eastern part of the territory is occupied by lowlands, the coast is swampy and the oceanic climate. The capital is Dover and the largest is Wilmington.
Indians, Dutch, Britain – they all claimed the right to use this piece of land. Long struggles and bloodshed did not stabilize until 1704, when Delaware regained its present form. During the War of Independence, Delaware suffered considerable damage from the British side. On December 7, 1787, with the immediate adoption of the constitution, he earned the nickname “the first state.”
Although Delaware was actually a slave state, many slaves gained freedom here before the outbreak of the Civil War, and the state became somewhat reluctant to become part of the Union. The development of industry had a significant effect on the demographic composition of the population. The older rural villages around Dover and Georgetown in the predominantly agricultural south are depopulating, while in the industrial north, the population is moving to cities with better working conditions.
According to COUNTRYAAH, Dover is the second largest city in the US state of Delaware after Wilmington and has a population of about 40,000. According to TRACKAAH, the city is located on the river St. Jones in the coastal lowlands of the Delaware River. The town was founded in 1683 by colonist William Penn, who owned the area known as the Lower Districts of Delaware. He named the new town after the existing town of Dover in Kent, England. Originally, Dover was to be the only judicial city for the newly formed district of Kent. Later, in 1717, this new city was officially designated by a special commission of the Delaware Assembly.
The capital Delaware was moved from New Castle to Dover in 1777, which had a more convenient central location, making it relatively safe against British invaders on the Delaware River. Dover was a major stop on the Underground Railroad, mainly due to its midway between the slave state of Maryland and Free Pennsylvania and New Jersey. It was also home to a large religious community of Quakers that supported emancipation efforts in the early 19th century. Although there were very few slaves in the area, the institution of slavery was always supported by at least a small group that insisted on its continuation.
Dover is best known as the home of Delaware’s popular war leader during the American Revolution, Caesar Rodney. He has spent much of his life in Dover, but he is known to have been buried outside the city, but no one knows exactly where. In his honor, a memorial is erected in the cemetery of the Christian Episcopal Church on Green Square in Dover.
The city center is the Green Square, which in the past was the venue for many races, weapons parades and other patriotic events. Even today, it is the heart of Dover’s historic district, home to Delaware Supreme Court and Kent County Court.
Wilmington is the largest city in the US state of Delaware. It is located at the confluence of the Christina River and Brandywine Creek, near where the Christina River flows into the Delaware River. Wilmington is the county seat of New Castle County and one of the capitals of the metropolitan area known as the Delaware Valley. Today, about 80,000 inhabitants dwell in the town.
Wilmington was named after investor Thomas Penn, who was a great friend of Spencer Compton, Earl of Wilmington, who was also Prime Minister during the reign of George II in Great Britain. The area in which Wilmington is located today was first colonized by Swedish settlers in the past. Colonization began in 1638, when the colony of Fort Christina was founded here in the territory of the so-called New Sweden.
In 1655, however, the Dutch came here, who took over their colonies from the Swedes and took over the territory. Dr. Timothy Stidham, who soon became a respected citizen and also the first doctor in Wilmington, also came here. In 1664, British colonization began and the area stabilized relatively under British rule.
Paradoxically, the city achieved its greatest development during the Civil War, as the war created an enormous demand for goods and materials. Older businesses grew and developed, and many new businesses also emerged. The city produced ships, railway cars, gunpowder, boots, tents, uniforms, blankets and other goods needed in the war. In 1868 Wilmington produced more ships and iron than the rest of the country. Wilmington thus experienced prosperity during the war, and thanks to the influx of merchants and producers, the city’s population also grew rapidly. New city districts with family houses were created and three-lane roads began to be built.
The urban industry was also stimulated by the two world wars. In addition to the shipyards, there were also steel foundries, machinery factories and chemical production. Another thriving industry was the manufacture of automobiles, clothing and leather products. Today, the city’s tourist attractions include Brandywine Park and Zoo, Delaware Gallery and Museum, Delaware Art Museum, DuPont Theater Company and Theater, Fort Christina State Park, Grand Opera House, Nemours Gardens, Rodney Square, Rockford Tower, Holy Trinity Church and much more.