Idaho State Overview

By | October 5, 2022

The federal state of Idaho is located in the northwest of the USA, which borders Canada to the north, Nevada and Utah to the south, Montana and Wyoming to the east, and Washington and Oregon to the west. The majority of the country’s territory is occupied by the Rocky Mountains, where the harsh continental climate prevails. Deep forested valleys, snowy mountain ranges and steep canyons also cover much of it. In the countryside you will also come across granite mountains, lakes, waterfalls, gorges and fertile farms. Among the visited tourist attractions of the state of Idaho is undoubtedly the unique Yellowstone National Park. It is the oldest national park in the world, it was declared as early as 1872. The park got its name from the Yellowstone River, which flows through it. About 80% of the park is covered by forests, the rest is made up of meadows and water bodies. It is particularly interesting for its hot springs, geysers, bubbling mud pits, canyons, waterfalls and eroded lava flows. There are about 100 waterfalls and many hot volcanic geysers in the park. The most famous geyser is Old Faithful, which erupts at regular intervals to a height of 36 meters. It is also home to many species of wildlife, such as bison, wapiti deer, elk, coyotes, beavers and grizzly bears.

Other important locations are Farragut National Park and Hell’s Canyon, which is the deepest canyon in North America at 7,900 feet. Its depth even surpasses the much more famous Grand Canyon. Tourists to Idaho are also attracted by the Shoshone Falls, which can be found on the Snake river and are higher than the famous Niagara Falls. The Snake River area itself is protected and many rare birds of prey live here. Other important rivers that flow through the territory of Idaho are the Columbia River or the Salmon River. But you will also find many other beautiful places in Idaho. For example, Craters of the Moon National Monument, Nez Percé National Historic Park or the State Historical Museum in Boise. Sawtooth National Recreation Area is located in southern Idaho. The state capital is Boise.


Pocatello is the county and largest city of Bannock County, which also includes a small part of the Fort Hall Indian Reservation from neighboring Power County. The city can be found in the southeast of the American state of Idaho. About 55,000 people live in the city today, the entire metropolitan area has about 85,000 people. Pocatello is the fourth largest city in Idaho, slightly larger than Idaho Falls.

The town was founded during the gold rush that took place in Idaho at the turn of the 19th century. Back then, Pocatello was just an important railroad stop on the Oregon Trail, but it later became an agricultural center. The discovery of gold attracted a large number of new settlers who had a vision of easy enrichment and a better life. After the gold rush subsided, the town began to attract farmers. The city was founded in 1834 by Jarvis Nathaniel Wyeth, an American fur trader. The original settlement was later purchased by the Hudson Bay Company.

The city got its name Pocatello from the word of the Shoshone Indian tribe, it was even named by the Indian chief himself. He also allowed white settlers to run the railroad through the Fort Hall Indian Reservation. The city is located along the Portneuf River, which flows out of the mountains into the Snake River Plain. Pocatello is home to Idaho State University.

Craters Of The Moon NM&P

Craters of the Moon National Monument is the largest area of ​​lava fields and cones in the continental US and is definitely worth a visit. This geothermal area is located approximately 20 kilometers from the city of Arco in the state of Idaho. The volcanic reserve was created by the eruption of hot magma about 15 thousand years ago, which is not so long ago from a geological point of view. At that time, the lava erupted through the earth’s crust and for this reason it is not possible to see any volcano here.

One of the most interesting places is the so-called Inferno Cone, which is a small mound created by fine volcanic ash. However, the Devil’s Orchard, or Devils Orchard, is also attractive for tourists, where unique vegetation can be found between the blocks of stone, which was able to adapt to the demanding conditions here without water and survive here. You can find the remains of crystalline snow in the 15-meter Snow Cone and Spatter Cone craters even in the hot summer, when temperatures here reach up to 40 degrees in the shade. Volcanic activity in the craters ended approximately two thousand years ago.

A 12 km long asphalt circuit passes through the park, which is complemented by many stops with educational boards. However, it is worth getting out of the car and going on a hike. The best time to visit is late afternoon, it’s not so hot anymore and you can also enjoy a beautiful sunset here. If you’re interested, you can spend the night at the local Lava Flow Camp, where you’ll pay around $10 for a tent.

Craters Of The Moon NM&P