Kentucky State Overview

By | October 5, 2022

In the east of the USA lies the federal state of Kentucky, which borders Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Tennessee, Missouri, East Virginia and Virginia. Kentucky became the 15th state of the Union on January 1, 1792.

In the west, the landscape is crisscrossed by the Mississippi and Ohio rivers, around which stretch vast fertile plains. In the east, forested peaks rise again, which are the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains. The highest mountain with a height of 1,263 m can be found in Black Mountain. The major rivers Ohio, Mississippi, Cumberland, Kentucky and Green River flow through the state of Kentucky. There are also large lakes such as Lake Cumberland, Kentucky Lake and Lake Barkley.

About 4 million inhabitants live on an area of 104,749 km². The majority of the population is white, the rest are Indians and blacks. The majority of the population is of the Christian faith, Protestants predominate, and Roman Catholics also have a large presence. There are around 12% of people without a religion in the country.

Kentucky is mainly an agricultural state, tobacco, corn, soybeans, fruit are grown here on a large scale, but cattle and pigs are also raised. Industry is also important, mainly mining (coal, oil), engineering, chemical and food.

The capital of Kentucky is Frankfort with less than 30 thousand inhabitants. Other major cities are Louisville, Lexington-Fayette, Owensboro, Covington, Hopkinsville, Henderson, Richmond, and Jeffersontown.

Lincoln Birthplace NHS

Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States of America from 1861 to 1865 and also the first president to come from the ranks of the Republican Party. However, he also went down in the nation’s history as a supporter of slaves, a savior of American democracy, a winner of the Civil War, and a man who was able to hold the United States together. However, he eventually paid for his political courage with his own life. On April 14, 1865, he was shot in the box of Ford’s Theater in Washington by Confederate actor John Wilkes Booth. Lincoln succumbed to his injuries the next day.

Very little is known about Lincoln’s private life. He himself did not write more than ten pages in his lifetime. There is a memorial to him in Kentucky, where he spent part of his childhood. There are exactly 56 granite steps leading to the monument, which is exactly how many steps Lincoln was when he died. The memorial covers an area of 166 acres and is located in a pleasant and peaceful park that invites you to relax and reflect. The monument is open to the public all year round and you can learn a lot of interesting information about the life of this important person here.

Big South Fork NR&RA

The Big South Fork Recreation Area protects the flow of the Big South Fork River flowing through the Cumberland Plateau region of southeastern Kentucky. An area of 125,000 acres and other river tributaries are under protection. The area boasts miles of beautiful scenic gorges with the river meandering between them. Here you can see sandstone walls and rocks with overhangs. Small waterfalls fall from the walls and you can admire the amazing creations that nature has created here. You will even find a stone gate here, which is very similar to the Czech Pravčická gate.

The hilly landscape is overgrown with deciduous oak forests, but here and there pine trees peek out. A winding stone path passes through the park, on which there are information boards describing the local fauna and flora. An interesting place is the viewpoint called Medvědí potok, from here there is a beautiful view of the wide surroundings. Today, the entire area provides visitors with a wide range of outdoor recreational activities that they can combine with learning about history and nature.

The park also includes the former mining town of Blue Heron from the 1930s. It was abandoned in the 1960s and is now a popular open-air museum. People can learn about the way of life and work of local miners here.

Cumberland Gap National Historical Park

Cumberland Gap National Park is located on the borders of three American states – Kentucky, Virginia and Tennessee. In the 18th century, the explorer Daniel Boone defeated the Indians here and managed to win Kentucky for white settlers. He built the first village here with a wooden fort, which was supposed to protect people from raids by Indian tribes. Today, a period open-air museum has been established from this place, which is a major tourist attraction.

In addition to its rich history, the area offers beautiful natural scenery, stunning views, interesting rock formations, cascading waterfalls and plenty of hiking trails. Today, Cumberland Gap National Historical Park covers an area of ​​20,000 hectares. It also includes numerous cave systems full of beautiful stalactite formations that are inhabited by many strange animals that have adapted to life in the dark cave environment.

There is a visitor center in the park, which houses a museum with interactive exhibits, a bookstore, a souvenir shop, and other locations of tourist interest. Here people can see the traditional folk crafts typical of this region. If you are interested, you can spend the night in the park, a campsite has been built here, which is accessible all year round.

Cumberland Gap National Historical Park