In the very heart of the United States of America lies the federal state of Missouri, which is bordered by the states of Iowa, Arkansas, Illinois, Kentucky, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma and Tennessee. On August 10, 1821, it joined the Union as the 24th state and became its full member. With an area of 180,693 km², it is the 21st largest state in the USA.
The state of Missouri is named after the Missouri River, which rises on the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains and flows through the entire territory. The river itself is named after the Missouri Indians who lived along the shallows in the past. A deep canyon has formed on the upper course of the river, which is complemented by massive rapids and waterfalls. The river then falls into the valley to the Missouri Table and flows through part of the Great Plains. The lower flow is characterized by a wide floodplain.
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Several large dams were built on the river, such as Fort Peck Garrison, Oahe, Big Bend or Randoll. The Missouri stretches for 4370 km and has several important tributaries, such as Yellowstone, Little Missouri, Kansas, Osage or Milk A James. Together with the Mississippi River, the Missouri forms the third largest river basin in the world. Many interesting lakes have also formed in Missouri, eg Lake of the Ozarks, Tabale Rock Lake, Clearwater Lake, Lake Wappapello.
The state is mostly flat, with the wooded Ozark Plateau massif in the south, where you can see karst caves and canyons. The highest point reaches an altitude of 540 meters. An important sector of the economy is agriculture, mainly soybeans, corn, wheat, rice and tobacco are grown here. They also raise pigs and cattle here. Mining of lead and zinc ores, mining of black coal and iron ores is of great importance. The metallurgical, chemical and food industries are also developed.
Missouri has a population of around 5.6 million. At 85%, whites predominate, 11% of the population is black, and the remaining percentages are divided between Indians, mixed race and Asians. Approximately 84% of the population is Christian. Protestants and Roman Catholics are most represented. There are 16% of the population without a religion.
According to COUNTRYAAH, the capital of Missouri is Jefferson City. However, Kansas City, with approximately 450,000 inhabitants, is a much larger and better-known city. The city was founded as early as 1838 at the confluence of the Missouri and Kansas rivers. Kansas City is particularly attractive for its fountains, of which there are nearly 200. For this reason, it is often referred to as the “city of fountains”. Other important cities are St. Louis, Springfield, Independence, Columbia, St. Joseph, Lee’s Summit, St. Charles, St. Peter’s and Florissant.
Columbia is the fifth largest city in the US state of Missouri and the capital of the area known as the Columbia Metropolitan Area, where around 165,000 people live. About 100,000 people live in the city itself. Columbia is also the county seat of Boone County. It is a university town that is very liberal politically. It is often nicknamed the “Athens of Missouri” or “America’s University City”. More than half of the residents here have a bachelor’s degree, and more than a quarter have various graduate degrees. Columbia is thus the 13th most educated city in the United States of America.
In ancient times, the area of present-day Columbia was inhabited by Native American cultures. In 1818, a group of settlers working for the Smithton Land Company came here. This company bought about 8 km2 of land here and founded a village that was located near the current city center. The emerging village was named Columbia, which had a very poetic meaning for the United States. It acquired the status of a city in 1839, at the time when a university was also founded here. The city thus became a center of education and research. In 1851, two more institutions of higher education were established, namely Stephens College and Columbia College, located on the territory of today’s city.
Today, Columbia is an industrial center, the economy is based on education, medicine, insurance. It is often rated positively for its business environment and is considered one of the best places to do business and live. In the city center there are several important historical buildings, most of which belong to the university campus. The icons of the city include Jesse Hall, the neo-Gothic Memorial Union and the David R. Francis Quadrangle. There are four historic districts in the city: Downtown, East Campus Neighborhood, Francis Quadrangle and North Ninth Street Historic District. The city center is dominated by the 10-story Tiger Hotel and the 15-story Paquin Tower.