New Hampshire State Overview

By | October 5, 2022

The federal state of New Hampshire is located on the northeastern coast of the United States of America in the area called New England. Its neighboring states are Canada, Maine, Massachusetts and Vermont. The east of the state is washed by the waters of the Atlantic Ocean. New Hampshire joined the Union on June 21, 1788, becoming the 9th US state.

This tiny state with an area of 24,217 kmĀ² is mostly mountainous, with the highest peak, Mount Washington, reaching a height of 1,917 meters above sea level. The foothills of the Appalachian Mountains extend here, and the valleys are overgrown with dense deciduous forests. The Androscoggin River, Connecticut River, and Merrimack River flow through the state. Numerous lakes have also formed here, the most famous of which is Lake Winnipesaukee.

New Hampshire was named after the English county of Hampshire, where Captain John Mason lived for many years. The main sector of the state’s economy is the electrotechnical, engineering, textile, footwear and chemical industries. Agriculture is based on the cultivation of fruit, vegetables, fodder, cattle and poultry are raised.

New Hampshire has a population of around 1.3 million, of which the vast majority (96%) are white. The remaining four percent are divided between blacks, mixed race, Indians and Asians. Residents of Hispanic origin represent – regardless of race – 1.7% of the population. About 80% of the population is Christian, Protestants predominate here, followed by Roman Catholics. Around 19% of people have no religious affiliation and about 1% are Jews. The population density is 53 inhabitants per square kilometer.

The capital is Concord with about 41 thousand inhabitants. However, Manchester, which has over 108,000 inhabitants, is much larger and better known. Other cities of interest are Nashua, Derry, Rochester, Salem, Dover, Merrimack, Londonderry and Hudson.

Appalachian National Scenic Trail

The Appalachian Trail is one of the longest marked trails in the United States of America, with a length of more than 3,200 km that passes through 14 states. The route begins in the north of Maine at Mt. Katahdin and ends as far south as Mt. Springer at Georgia State. You will pass through the following states: Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire and Maine. In total, this trail passes through two national parks and eight national forests or primeval forests.

In order to cover the whole track, you have to take about 5 million steps, which sometimes takes you only a few months, but also three quarters of a year. Tens of thousands of people go here every year to test their strength and their ability to survive in the wild. The route completely avoids all metropolises. Every year, about 150 of the most persistent individuals manage to conquer the entire route, other people only choose individual shorter sections of the trail.

Thanks to numerous groups of enthusiasts, the trail is very well maintained. It is cared for not only by individuals, but also by various clubs in the United States led by rangers and volunteers. Since you are literally wandering through the wilderness on the route, you have to take into account almost everything here. With the number of kilometers traveled, the landscape around you changes, but so do the flora and fauna characteristic of individual sections. You can meet a lot of moose and bears here.

On the route, you must also expect that you will often ford rivers, cut through thick bushes or climb steep slopes. Sometimes you will emerge in civilization in the form of a mountain village, where you will have the opportunity to gain strength and replenish supplies. Whoever manages to conquer the entire Appalachian Trail has the experience of a lifetime. For some, this trek is a great challenge, for others it is the fulfillment of a lifelong dream. A 52-mile trail crosses the state of Connecticut, crosses the Bear River, winds through the wooded hill country of the Taconic Range, and heads down into the Housatonic River Valley.

Appalachian National Scenic Trail