According to babyinger, New Jersey is a state located on the East Coast of the United States of America. It is bordered by Pennsylvania to the west, Delaware to the south, and New York to the north. The Atlantic Ocean lies to the east of New Jersey, with its coastline stretching along 130 miles. The state’s total area covers 8,729 square miles and it is one of the smallest states in terms of both size and population.
The geography of New Jersey can be divided into four distinct regions: The Atlantic Coastal Plain, The Piedmont Plateau, The Kittatinny Mountains and Highlands, and The Great Appalachian Valley.
The Atlantic Coastal Plain is a low-lying region that stretches along much of New Jersey’s eastern border with the ocean. This region is characterized by sandy beaches, salt marshes, barrier islands, and lagoons. Inland from this region are forests and wetlands which make up much of this part of the state’s landscape.
The Piedmont Plateau lies in central New Jersey and consists mainly of rolling hills and ridges covered in deciduous trees such as oak and maple. This area also contains some large cities such as Trenton and Princeton where many residents live.
The Kittatinny Mountains are located in northwestern New Jersey near Pennsylvania’s border. This mountain range runs through Sussex County and provides some stunning views while offering plenty of outdoor activities such as hiking, camping, fishing, skiing, whitewater rafting, kayaking, etc.
Finally, there is The Great Appalachian Valley which runs through northern New Jersey from east to west along its border with New York State. This valley contains many rivers including Delaware River which forms part of its boundary with Pennsylvania State before it empties into Delaware Bay near Cape May Point at its southern end..
Overall, New Jersey offers a wide variety of landscapes for its residents to explore ranging from sandy beaches on its coastlines to rugged mountains further inland – all within relatively short distances from each other making it easy for people to experience different parts of this beautiful state without having to travel too far away from home.
Administrative Regions in New Jersey
According to COUNTRYAAH.COM, New Jersey is divided into 21 counties and 565 municipalities, and each of these administrative regions has its own unique characteristics. The 21 counties are further divided into 566 municipalities and these are the smallest governmental units in New Jersey. Each county is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders which consists of five or nine members who are elected for three-year terms on a partisan basis. The freeholders have governmental powers over matters such as taxation, public health, public safety, and public works.
The 565 municipalities in New Jersey are divided into four types: townships, boroughs, cities, and villages. Townships are the largest form of municipality in New Jersey with an average population of 23,000 people. They provide services such as education, police protection, fire protection, sanitation services and recreation programs. Boroughs are smaller than townships with an average population of 6,500 people. They provide similar services to those provided by townships but on a smaller scale. Cities also have an average population of 6500 people but they have more autonomy than boroughs or townships when it comes to taxation and other matters related to local government. Villages are the smallest type of municipality in New Jersey with an average population of only 1,200 people; they mainly provide basic services such as road maintenance and garbage collection but do not have the same level of autonomy as other municipalities when it comes to taxation or other matters related to local government.
New Jersey also has two special-purpose governmental units: urban enterprise zones (UEZs) and redevelopment areas (RAs). UEZs are designated areas within cities where businesses can receive tax incentives if they create jobs or invest in certain types of projects that benefit disadvantaged communities within the zone while RAs allow municipalities to use tax revenue from certain properties to fund projects that improve infrastructure or create jobs within those areas.
Overall, New Jersey is a state with many different administrative regions that all offer their own unique characteristics which make them attractive for residents looking for different types of lifestyles or opportunities depending on their needs or preferences.
Demographics of New Jersey
New Jersey has a population of 8.9 million, making it the 11th most populous state in the country. The racial and ethnic makeup of the state is diverse, with Whites making up nearly 68% of the population, followed by African Americans at 14%, Hispanics at 17%, Asians at 8%, and other races at 3%. The majority of New Jersey’s population is concentrated in the northeastern part of the state, which includes major cities such as Newark, Jersey City, Paterson, Elizabeth, and Trenton.
New Jersey has one of the highest median household incomes in the nation and is home to some of the wealthiest counties in America. In 2020, New Jersey had a median household income of $84,622 compared to a national median household income of $68,703. Additionally, eight out of ten counties in New Jersey have median household incomes above $75,000.
New Jersey also has one of the highest percentages of college graduates in America with more than 42% having a bachelor’s degree or higher. This high level of educational attainment can be attributed to its numerous universities and colleges such as Rutgers University and Princeton University which are both located in New Jersey.
The unemployment rate in New Jersey was 6% for 2020 which was lower than the national average unemployment rate for that same year (8%). However, this rate is still higher than pre-pandemic levels when it was hovering around 4%. The industries that employ most people in New Jersey include manufacturing (17%), health care (13%), retail trade (11%), professional services (10%) and accommodation/food services (10%).
In terms of age demographics, 18-34 year olds make up 22% of New Jersey’s population while those aged 35-54 make up 32%. Those aged 55-64 make up 19% while those aged 65+ make up 27%. This indicates that there is an older population living within this state as compared to other states across America.
Overall, New Jersey has a diverse population with high levels educational attainment and relatively low unemployment levels despite recent economic downturns. It is home to some very wealthy counties but also has areas with lower incomes where more people may need assistance from government programs or other sources.
Transportation in New Jersey
New Jersey is home to an extensive network of roads, highways, and rail lines that make transportation in the state efficient and accessible. The New Jersey Turnpike is a major artery that runs through the state from north to south, connecting Newark and Trenton. Other major highways include the Garden State Parkway which connects Cape May at the southern end of the state with Montclair in northern New Jersey.
Public transportation plays an important role in New Jersey’s transportation system as well. The New Jersey Transit Corporation operates a statewide network of buses, trains, and light rail systems that connect cities throughout the state. The largest cities such as Newark, Jersey City, Paterson, Elizabeth and Trenton are all connected via NJ Transit buses and trains which make it easier for commuters to get around without needing to use a car. Additionally, there are numerous bus routes operated by private companies that serve smaller towns throughout the state.
Newark Liberty International Airport is one of three major airports located within New Jersey’s borders and serves as a hub for international travel. It is located just outside of Newark near Elizabeth and offers direct flights to many domestic destinations as well as some international ones such as London Heathrow Airport in England. Additionally, there are two smaller regional airports located in Atlantic City and Trenton both of which offer direct flights within the United States.
The Port Authority Trans-Hudson (PATH) system provides rapid transit between Manhattan in New York City and various points within New Jersey including Newark Penn Station, Hoboken Terminal, Harrison PATH Station, Journal Square Transportation Center in Jersey City and Exchange Place in Hoboken. This system operates 24 hours a day seven days a week making it easy for commuters to travel between states quickly without having to rely on cars or buses.
Overall, transportation in New Jersey is very efficient due to its extensive network of roads highways light rails buses ferries airports and ports providing convenient access for commuters traveling within or out of state boundaries. There are multiple options available depending on one’s budget or desired speed of travel making it easy for anyone living or visiting this great state to get around quickly without having to worry about traffic congestion or long wait times at train stations or airports.