New York State Overview

By | October 5, 2022

New York State is one of the 13 original and founding members of the United States of America. It borders Canada, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Vermont, Massachusetts and Connecticut. The natural border in the north is also the Great Lakes, especially Lake Ontario and Lake Erie. The coast of New York is washed by the waters of the Atlantic Ocean. The entire state has 62 counties, 5 of which are parts of New York City. With its area of 141,205 km², New York is the 14th largest state in the USA.

The landscape is made up of mountains in the north, the interior is wooded, and in the Great Lakes region there is a vast plain. The Hudson River, which originates in the Adirondack Mountains, flows through the state from north to south. The river is 507 km long and on its upper course you will find several hydroelectric power plants. The canal is connected to the river Sv. Vavřince and the Great Lakes.

Among the biggest tourist attractions are Mount Marcy with a height of 1,629 meters above sea level, Long Island and Niagara Falls located on the Niagara River, on the border of the USA and Canada. New York State is also home to the famous Lake Placid Ski Resort, which hosted the Winter Olympics in 1932 and 1980. Today, tourism therefore has a significant share in the creation of GDP. The metallurgical, printing, chemical, food, textile, engineering and electrical engineering industries are also significant. Great emphasis is placed on finance, services and trade.

According to TRACKAAH, around 19 million people live in the state of New York today, which is why it is also the third most populous in the USA. At 67%, whites predominate, 15% of the population is black, 6% is Asian, and the rest are mixed race and Native American. Residents of Hispanic origin, regardless of race, make up 16.2% of the population. The vast majority of people are of the Christian faith, Protestants and Roman Catholics predominate. There is also a large presence of Jews and Muslims. Around 13% of the population has no religion.

The capital of the state is small Albany with 94 thousand inhabitants. Albany is the fourth oldest city in the USA. The area in which it lies was already settled in 1614. Colonies and the first cities began to emerge here, such as Beverwyck in 1654. In honor of the Duke of York and Albany, the city was renamed Albany in 1664, then in 1797 it became the capital of the state of New York, replacing the destroyed city of Kingston. One of the city’s most famous landmarks is the modern building The Egg.

A much better known and visited city is New York, home to an incredible 8 million inhabitants. It thus became the largest, most populous and busiest city in the United States of America. It stretches from the mouth of the Hudson River to the Atlantic Ocean and consists of five boroughs: Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, the Bronx and Richmond. In this cosmopolitan city, you will meet people of all nationalities, skin colors and all kinds of opinions and behaviors. It will probably take some time for Europeans to get used to the different style of living in the city, to the chaos, bustle and restlessness.

Most visitors to this ever-living and vibrant American metropolis head to Manhattan first. It is here that you will find most of the landmarks without which a visit to New York would not be complete. Although New York is really huge, orientation in it is not that much of a problem. Just remember that the vertical series of streets are called “Avenues” and the horizontal “Streets”. They cross each other and create such a checkerboard. The only long diagonal street in Manhattan is Broadway, which leads you to Time Square, full of billboards and theaters where the world’s most famous musicals are performed.

The tallest building in New York is now the Empire State Building, which has 103 floors and is 443 meters high. It offers a beautiful view of the entire city. The only green area in the city where people go to relax, play sports or just walk is Central Park with lakes. The park is criss-crossed by a number of cycle paths and roller-skating paths. Also here you can see local artists presenting their work and offering art.

The symbol of New York and perhaps the entire United States is the Statue of Liberty, which stands on Liberty Island. There is a viewpoint in the crown of the statue, but it has been closed for security reasons since the terrorist attacks in 2001. A unique experience can be a walk through Chinatown, which is actually a city within a city, as it does not allow any influence from the USA or other nationalities.

According to COUNTRYAAH, other larger cities are Buffalo, Rochester, Syracuse, Utica, Mount Vernon, Yonkers, and Binghamton.

Buffalo, NY