North Carolina State Overview

By | October 5, 2022

The federal state of North Carolina, which is bordered by the states of South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia and Georgia, is located in the east of the USA on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. With its area of 139,509 km², it is the 28th largest state in the USA. It joined the Union on November 21, 1789, becoming the 12th state of the United States.

In 1670, a settlement was founded near the mouth of the Ashley River, which was named after the English king Charles II. – Charles Town. Until 1729, North and South Carolina were one colony. Subsequently, it joined the war for independence, and many bloody battles took place here as late as 1780.

The surface of this coastal state is mostly flat and heavily forested. There is a wide plain to the east, the coast is very rugged and shallow, with bays and sandbars. The Appalachian Mountains rise to the west, where we also find the state’s highest mountain – Mt. Mitchel measuring 2037 meters above sea level. The mountains of North Carolina have an inland climate, while the Southeast has a subtropical climate with relatively frequent hurricanes. The Neuse River, Roanoke River, and Yadkin River flow through North Carolina. Numerous lakes have also been created here, including Lake Mattamuskeet, Lake Phelps and Lake Waccamaw.

According to TRACKAAH, North Carolina has a population of around 8.1 million, the majority of the population is white, the rest are Indians and blacks. The majority of the population is of the Christian faith, Protestants predominate, and Roman Catholics also have a large presence. There is only a very small percentage of people without a religion in the country.

North Carolina, like its southern neighbor, has a fairly developed agriculture. Cotton, soybeans, tobacco, corn, fruits, vegetables and cereals are grown here on a large scale. They also raise cattle, pigs, poultry and fish here. The textile, tobacco, chemical, engineering, electrotechnical and food industries are also an important sector of the state’s economy. Wood is mined and processed here. Tourism, especially mountain tourism and seaside tourism, has been one of the main sources of income for the state budget in recent years.

The capital has been Raleigh since 1792, with a population of more than 370,000. The city was named after Sir Walter Raleigh, who was a famous British writer, poet, traveler, explorer and pirate. However, the largest city is Charlotte with more than 600 thousand inhabitants. The city is named after Queen Charlotte, the wife of the British King George III.

According to COUNTRYAAH, other major cities are Greensboro, Durham, Winston-Salem, Fayetteville, Cary, High Point, Wilmington, and Asheville.

Blue Ridge National Heritage Area

The Blue Ridge National Heritage Area is a place unlike any other in the world. In this ancient landscape, there are many natural, cultural and historical attractions that will enchant people of all ages. The area is crossed by the Blue Ridge Parkway, which also runs through the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. You have the opportunity to watch this unique spectacle that the nature of this region offers you from the comfort of your car. You will pass by mountain massifs, charming waterfalls and wherever you stop, you will be greeted by people with a smile on their faces who still worship their rich cultural traditions.

It is in the Blue Ridge that you will discover one of the most beautiful landscapes in all of North America, you will be able to take a break from the daily hustle and refresh your spirit. The protected area here was declared by Congress in 2003 mainly to preserve the natural wealth and rich cultural history in the mountains of North Carolina. Everything is done for the benefit of current and future generations, as well as to improve economic opportunities in the region.

Several North Carolina counties fall within the conservation area: Alleghany, Ashe, Avery, Buncombe, Burke, Caldwell, Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, Macon, Madison, McDowell, Mitchell, Polk, Rutherford, Surry, Swain, Transylvania, Watauga, Wilkes, Yadkin and Yancey.

The Blue Ridge Mountains are considered to be one of the oldest mountain ranges on Earth. The landscape here is full of superlatives, you will find the highest mountain in North Carolina – Mount Mitchell, as well as the deepest abyss Linville Gorge, the highest waterfall Whitewater Falls or the oldest river in North America, the New River. Along with the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, the Blue Ridge is one of the most visited parks in the country. The astonishing variety of plant and animal species is just the icing on the imaginary cake. More plant and animal species are found here than in the whole of Europe.

This area is also the cradle of advanced Indian cultures, numerous tribes of Cherokee Indians lived here. Many also live on reservations today, or have already integrated into ordinary life, but still preserve their traditional culture. At the beginning of the 18th century, the first European settlers began to arrive here, and later also African slaves, who of course also brought their customs and traditions. The area thus became a center for handicrafts, traditional arts and crafts in the Americas. Even today, you will find many craft schools here and more than 4000 people who make a living from these jobs.

Blue Ridge National Heritage Area