The federal state of Ohio is located in the American Midwest on an area of 116,096 km². It is washed in the north by the waters of Lake Erie, which thus forms a natural border with Canada. Neighboring states are Pennsylvania, Michigan, Indiana, West Virginia, and Kentucky. Ohio got its name from the river of the same name that flows through it. However, the name Ohio was already used by Native American tribes when they spoke of a “big” or “beautiful” river. Ohio joined the Union on March 1, 1803, becoming a valid member of the United States of America.
Ohio is part of the Great Lakes region, and thanks to this favorable location, it was an important cultural and geographic crossroads in the past. The surface of the state is mostly flat, it was modeled by the continental glacier, which created extensive plateaus. The highest peak is Campbell Hill with a height of 472 meters above sea level.
In addition to the Ohio River, other major rivers such as the Cuyahoga River, Great Miami River, Maumee, Muskingum, Scioto and Sandusky River flow through here. In 1913, a major disaster occurred in the Great Miami River Basin, the river overflowed its banks and flooded the Dayton area. At that time, there were great material losses and loss of life. As a result, the first flood protection project in the United States was developed. Ohio is also home to the large lakes of Grand Lake, Lake Erie, or Great Lake St. Mary, which for many years was the largest man-made lake in the world.
According to TRACKAAH, Ohio has a population of almost 11.5 million, of which 86% are white, 13% African-American, and less than a percent Asian. The population density is thus relatively high – 107.05 inhabitants per km². A significant number of the population was not born in the states, there are many immigrants from Germany, England and Ireland. Most of the inhabitants are Christians, the Roman Catholic and Protestant churches are predominant.
Ohio is an industrial state that is rich in minerals, so the mining industry is important. Oil, natural gas, salt, building materials are mined here. However, the metallurgical, engineering, automotive, aviation, rubber, chemical and food industries are also important. In agriculture, they mainly grow cereals, corn, soybeans, tobacco, sugar beets, and raise sheep, cattle, and horses.
The state lies in a temperate climate zone, with hot and humid summers and mostly cold winters. Compared to other American states, tornadoes and earthquakes are not frequent here, but the weather can sometimes be quite unfavorable. This is because the warm Gulf Stream meets the cold current from the Arctic.
According to COUNTRYAAH, the capital and largest city of Ohio has been Columbus since 1816, which is located almost in the geographic center of the state. Around 750 thousand inhabitants live here. Other major cities are Cleveland, Cincinnati, Toledo, Akron, Dayton, Parma, Youngstown, Canton and Lorain.
Cuyahoga Valley National Park
Cuyahoga Valley National Park is located between the cities of Cleveland and Akron in the northeast of the US state of Ohio. It has an area of 134 km2, we can find it in the valley of the Cuyahoga River. The Cuyahoga Valley was designated a national park in 2000 and is still the only national park in Ohio. Its name means “Whirling River” in the language of the native Mohawk Indians.
Beavers are permanent and fairly numerous residents of the park. The park is crossed by a number of hiking and cycling trails. If you walk along them, you can observe beautiful nature, sandstone formations, waterfalls and bridges spanning the river. Many visitors spend time in the park either hiking or sightseeing. The valley became popular for recreation already around 1870, when city dwellers liked to go here to relax. The real development of the park only began in the period between 1910 and 1920, when it was declared a metropolitan park for Cleveland and Akron counties.
In 1929, Cleveland businessman Hayward Kendall donated 430 acres of land to the park, the land around Richie Ledges. Kendall then had a condition that these lands he donated would always be used for park purposes. This created Virginia Kendall Park, which was named after his mother. In the 1930s, there was a lot of infrastructure development, and the park did not escape innovation. Today, the roads are in the vicinity of Happy Day Lodge, Octagon, Ledges and around Kendall Lake.
On December 27, 1972, the site was declared a National Recreation Area by then-President Gerald Ford. In 2000, it became a National Park under the protection of the National Park Service. The Happy Days Visitor Center is located in the park, where you can get all the information not only about the park, but also about the surrounding area. Behind the center begins the Ledges Trail, which leads through deep forests.