According to babyinger, Pennsylvania is a state located in the northeastern and mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. It is bordered by New York to the north, Ohio to the west, Maryland and West Virginia to the south, and Delaware and New Jersey to the east. Pennsylvania is known as the Keystone State due to its importance in uniting the original Thirteen Colonies.
Pennsylvania has a diverse landscape that includes rolling hills, river valleys, mountains, forests, and farmland. The Allegheny Plateau covers much of northern Pennsylvania while the Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians run through central Pennsylvania. The Appalachian Mountains stretch from north to south along Pennsylvania’s eastern border with West Virginia and Maryland.
Pennsylvania’s largest city is Philadelphia which is located in southeastern Pennsylvania near both New Jersey and Delaware. Other major cities include Pittsburgh in western Pennsylvania near Ohio; Allentown in central Pennsylvania; Harrisburg near the center of the state; Erie on Lake Erie, Scranton in northeastern Pennsylvania; Lancaster in southcentral Pennsylvania; Reading on Interstate 78; Wilkes-Barre/Scranton International Airport in northeastern Pennsylvania; and Altoona on Interstate 99 near Johnstown.
The main rivers that traverse through Pennsylvania are the Susquehanna River which flows from north to south along much of eastern PA; The Allegheny River which flows through western PA from its source at Lake Erie to Pittsburgh where it meets with Monongahela River to form the Ohio River; The Delaware River which forms part of PA’s eastern border with New Jersey and Delaware before emptying into Delaware Bay; And finally Schuylkill River which flows through southeastern PA before emptying into Philadelphia Bay.
Pennsylvania also has many lakes including Lake Erie along its northwestern border with Ohio; Pymatuning Reservoir on its western border with Ohio near Youngstown, OH; Raystown Lake near Huntingdon County in southern PA; and Presque Isle State Park near Erie on Lake Erie.
In addition to its varied landscape, Pennsylvania also has a wide variety of climate zones ranging from humid continental climates in western PA with cold winters and hot summers to humid subtropical climates around Philadelphia where temperatures can reach 100 degrees Fahrenheit (38 Celsius) during summer months.
Administrative Regions in Pennsylvania
According to COUNTRYAAH.COM, Pennsylvania is divided into 67 counties and nine metropolitan areas. Each county is governed by a three-member board of commissioners, and each metropolitan area is governed by a mayor-council government. The state capital of Harrisburg is located in the Susquehanna Valley region. The largest city in Pennsylvania is Philadelphia, located in the southeastern corner of the state. Pittsburgh is the second-largest city, located in the southwestern corner. Other major cities include Allentown, Erie, Reading, Scranton, and Bethlehem.
The state has six distinct geographic regions: the Allegheny Plateau, Ridge and Valley, Atlantic Coastal Plain, Piedmont Plateau, Great Lakes Plain and Erie Lowland Plains. The Allegheny Plateau region is home to many forests and wildlife preserves as well as several ski resorts and tourist attractions such as Fallingwater and Ohiopyle State Park. The Ridge and Valley region stretches from central Pennsylvania to western New York State along the Appalachian Mountains range. This region includes rolling hillsides with a variety of farmlands growing fruit trees, vegetables, grains and livestock. The Atlantic Coastal Plain extends along the Delaware Bay to Philadelphia on one side of Pennsylvania; on the other side it follows along Lake Erie to Pittsburgh before heading south through West Virginia to North Carolina. This region includes sandy beaches that are popular tourist attractions during summer months as well as large cities like Philadelphia which provide ample cultural activities year-round for visitors from around the world. The Piedmont Plateau lies between Philadelphia and Pittsburgh where wooded hillsides give way to flat plains used for agricultural production including dairy farms that produce milk products such as cheese for export across America’s midwest states.
Demographics of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania is home to a diverse population of 12.8 million people, making it the sixth most populous state in the United States. The majority of Pennsylvanians (77.2%) are white, 9.9% are African American, 5.8% are Hispanic or Latino, and 4.1% are Asian. 7.4% of the population is foreign-born, with most coming from India (17%), China (15%), Mexico (14%), and Korea (10%). The state has a median age of 40 years old and a gender split of 50.2% female and 49.8% male.
Pennsylvania is an economically diverse state with a median household income of $61,000 annually; however this varies significantly across different regions with Philadelphia having an average income that is nearly double that of other counties in Pennsylvania such as Greene or Cameron counties which have much lower incomes due to their more rural nature and lack of industry in comparison to cities like Philadelphia or Pittsburgh which have larger populations and more job opportunities available to residents.
The education level in Pennsylvania is also quite varied across different regions; while around 90 percent of adults in Philadelphia have attained some form of higher education such as college or university degrees, only around 59 percent of adults in Greene County have completed high school or above levels of education due to fewer educational opportunities available in rural regions due to smaller populations and fewer resources available for educational institutions such as universities or colleges within these areas than those found in larger metropolitan cities like Philadelphia or Pittsburgh.
Transportation in Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania has an extensive and well-developed public transportation system. There are several modes of public transportation in the state, ranging from trains and buses to light rail and commuter rail services. The Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (PennDOT) is responsible for the regulation and management of the state’s public transportation system. PennDOT works with a number of transit authorities to ensure that all citizens have access to reliable, safe, and affordable public transport options.
The Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA) is the largest provider of public transport in the state. SEPTA operates buses, trolleys, subways, regional rail services, and Express Bus services throughout Philadelphia, Bucks County, Chester County, Delaware County, Montgomery County, and Lehigh Valley. The Port Authority of Allegheny County also provides bus service in Allegheny county as well as light rail service between downtown Pittsburgh and its suburbs. In addition to SEPTA and Port Authority services there are several other smaller transit authorities operating within Pennsylvania such as LANTA (Lehigh & Northampton Transportation Authority), RCTA (Reading Area Transport Authority), CCTA (Capital Area Transit), RRTA (Ride-on Regional Transit), LCTA (Lancaster Community Transit), CAT (Centre Area Transit) etc. All these transit authorities offer a variety of bus routes for commuters to get around within their respective counties or regions.
Rail service is also available in many parts of Pennsylvania via Amtrak’s Keystone Corridor line which runs from Harrisburg to Philadelphia with stops in Lancaster, Paoli/Downingtown/Exton area before terminating at 30th Street Station in Philadelphia. The Amtrak Keystone Corridor Line offers travelers frequent service between Harrisburg – Philadelphia daily with stops along the way including Lancaster City Station in Lancaster PA., Exton Station in Exton PA., Thorndale Station near Downingtown PA., Paoli Station near Paoli PA., Overbrook Junction near Wynnewood PA., University City Station near University City Philadelphia PA., Suburban Station at 16th Street & JFK Boulevard Philadelphia PA., 30th Street Station at 30th & Market Streets Philadelphia PA.