South Carolina State Overview

By | October 5, 2022

The federal state of South Carolina, which borders Georgia and North Carolina, is located in the southeast of the USA. The east coast is washed by the Atlantic Ocean. South Carolina became the eighth state of the Union on May 23, 1788. It covers an area of 82,965 kmĀ² and is home to around 4 million inhabitants.

In 1670, a settlement was founded near the mouth of the Ashley River, which was named after the English king Charles II. – Charles Town. Until 1729, North and South Carolina were one colony. Subsequently, it joined the war for independence, and many bloody battles took place here as late as 1780.

According to TRACKAAH, the majority of the population is white, the rest are Indians and blacks. The majority of the population is of the Christian faith, Protestants predominate, and Roman Catholics also have a large presence. There is only a very small percentage of people without a religion in the country.

South Carolina is a coastal state with relatively advanced agriculture. Cotton, soybeans, tobacco, corn and cereals are grown here on a large scale. People are engaged in raising cattle, poultry and fishing. An important branch of the state’s economy is also the textile, chemical, clothing, engineering, paper and food industries.

The landscape is mostly flat with an indented coastline where deep bays and sandy islands form. To the west rises the Appalachian Mountains, with the highest mountain, Sassafras Mountain, measuring 1,083 meters above sea level.

The climate of South Carolina is subtropical and humid. Large rivers flow through South Carolina, such as the Santee River, the Edisto River, and the Savannah River. There are also the beautiful lakes Lake Marion, Lake Moultrie, Lake Murray and Hartwell Lake.

According to COUNTRYAAH, the capital and at the same time the largest city is Columbia. Other major cities are Charleston, North Charleston, Greenville, Rock Hill, Mount Pleasant, Spartanburg, Sumter, and Hilton Head Island.

Fort Moultrie National Monument

Fort Moultrie is one of the Charleston forts that have been the subject of numerous disputes between the South Carolina and US governments in the past. Along with Fort Sumter and Pinckney Castle, it was built on a small island located at the mouth of Charleston Bay. They were originally tasked with protecting Charleston Harbor and were part of the defense system.

Neighboring Fort Sumter was the site of the outbreak of the American Civil War in 1861. It was not even completed before the outbreak of the American Civil War in 1860, yet it was occupied by a Federal garrison under the command of Major Robert Anderson. This happened just six days after South Carolina seceded from the Union. Unionist troops led by Major Anderson refused to surrender the fort, so Confederate troops surrounded it. Therefore, on March 12, 1861, at 4 a.m., the first shots were fired that started the civil war.

The crew consisting of 73 men resisted incessant enemy fire for 34 long hours. It was only when the fort caught fire and then the gunpowder store exploded that the army was forced to surrender. After this incident, President Abraham Lincoln had 75,000 volunteers called to arms to defend the Union on March 15. At that time, four more states seceded from the Union – Virginia, Tennessee, Arkansas and North Carolina.

Cowpens National Battlefield

In 1781, an important battle took place in the very north of South Carolina, which went down in the history of the state. The town of Cowpens, where the battle took place, is today not far from the larger city of Spartanburg.

The Battle of Cowpens was just one of many engagements between the Americans and the British during the American Revolution. The American Revolutionary forces were led by Brigadier General Daniel Morgan, who defeated the approximately 1,100-strong legion of English Colonel Banastre Tarleton. Cowpens was an important landmark in the past and that is why Morgan called the American soldiers here. Tarleton then recklessly attacked his troops, forgetting that Morgan had much more time to prepare for battle. The British troops were thus caught in a double encirclement and had no escape.

The Battle of Cowpens thus ended with a resounding victory for the Americans over the British. Only about 160 British troops escaped, but overall the British suffered heavy casualties. The Americans had only 73 casualties on their side, including 61 wounded and 12 dead. The place where this battle took place is today protected as a national battlefield.

Cowpens National Battlefield