Weather by Month in Ethiopia

By | September 2, 2023

Ethiopia, located in the Horn of Africa, boasts a diverse range of climates and weather patterns due to its varied topography and geographical location. According to TOPSCHOOLSINTHEUSA, the country’s elevation, proximity to the equator, and unique landscapes contribute to its distinct weather by month. Here’s a comprehensive overview of the weather in different regions of Ethiopia throughout the year:

January – February: January and February are part of the dry season in most of Ethiopia. In the capital city of Addis Ababa, located at a high elevation, daytime temperatures range from 59°F (15°C) to 71°F (22°C), while nighttime temperatures can drop to around 41°F (5°C) to 50°F (10°C). These months are great for exploring the city’s cultural sites, as the weather is relatively mild and comfortable.

March – April: March and April continue the dry season in Addis Ababa, with temperatures starting to rise slightly. Daytime temperatures range from 62°F (17°C) to 73°F (23°C). These months are a transition period from the dry season to the rainy season, with occasional showers.

May – June: May marks the beginning of the rainy season in Addis Ababa and other central highland areas. Showers become more frequent, and temperatures start to cool. Daytime temperatures range from 61°F (16°C) to 70°F (21°C). June experiences increased rainfall and cooler temperatures.

July – August: July and August are the peak of the rainy season in Addis Ababa. Heavy rainfall and occasional thunderstorms are common. Daytime temperatures range from 59°F (15°C) to 68°F (20°C). The humidity is higher, and the weather can be relatively wet and muddy, limiting outdoor activities.

September – October: September marks the end of the rainy season in Addis Ababa, with decreasing rainfall and improving weather conditions. Daytime temperatures range from 61°F (16°C) to 70°F (21°C). October sees further improvements in weather, with daytime temperatures ranging from 62°F (17°C) to 73°F (23°C).

November – December: November and December are part of the short dry season in Addis Ababa. Rainfall is minimal, and the weather becomes drier and cooler. Daytime temperatures range from 59°F (15°C) to 71°F (22°C). These months are ideal for outdoor activities and exploring the city’s attractions.

Regional Variations: Ethiopia’s weather varies significantly across its different regions due to its diverse landscapes. Coastal areas like the Danakil Depression experience extremely hot temperatures, while the central highlands are characterized by milder temperatures and greater seasonal variations.

Highland Climate: Many of Ethiopia’s major cities, including Addis Ababa, are located in the highlands. The highland climate is characterized by cooler temperatures, especially in the evenings and early mornings. This makes the highlands a pleasant retreat from the heat.

Rainfall and Agriculture: Ethiopia’s rainfall patterns play a crucial role in its agricultural activities. The rainy season is essential for the growth of crops and the livelihood of many communities. The timing and amount of rainfall can impact the nation’s food production.

Unique Landscapes: Ethiopia’s diverse weather is closely tied to its unique landscapes. From the lush highlands to the arid lowlands, the country’s ecosystems vary dramatically. Ethiopia’s landscapes offer a range of experiences for travelers, from trekking in the Simien Mountains to visiting the Danakil Depression’s otherworldly landscapes.

Cultural Celebrations: Ethiopia’s weather also influences its cultural festivals and traditions. Timkat, the Ethiopian Epiphany, is celebrated in January with colorful processions and ceremonies. Meskel, celebrated in September, marks the finding of the True Cross and features bonfires and religious events.

In conclusion, Ethiopia’s weather varies significantly throughout the year, with each season offering unique experiences and opportunities for exploration. From the rainy season’s lush landscapes to the dry season’s comfortable temperatures, understanding the weather by month in Ethiopia can help travelers plan their visits to fully appreciate the country’s natural beauty and cultural heritage.

Abbreviations of Ethiopia

Ethiopia: Unveiling the Abbreviations that Define a Nation


Ethiopia, a country with a rich history and diverse culture, is often represented by various abbreviations that encapsulate its essence. These abbreviations, whether in political, geographic, or organizational contexts, offer insights into Ethiopia’s multifaceted identity. From diplomatic acronyms to historical references, each abbreviation paints a unique stroke in the canvas of Ethiopia’s story. In this exploration, we delve into the significance of these abbreviations and their roles in shaping the nation’s narrative.

  1. EPRDF: Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front

According to ABBREVIATIONFINDER, the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front, abbreviated as EPRDF, has been a pivotal political entity in Ethiopia’s recent history. Formed in 1988, it played a crucial role in toppling the Derg regime in 1991, leading to the establishment of a federal democratic system. EPRDF’s abbreviation reflects its commitment to revolutionary change and democratic governance, shaping the nation’s political landscape.

  1. AU: African Union

Ethiopia, often called the diplomatic capital of Africa, hosts the headquarters of the African Union. The AU, a continental organization established in 2001, focuses on promoting unity and cooperation among African nations. Ethiopia’s hosting of the AU reflects its historical significance as one of the few African nations never colonized, symbolizing the Pan-African spirit.

  1. Addis Ababa: AAI, UNECA

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia’s bustling capital, is host to numerous international organizations. The African Aviation Institute (AAI) contributes to aviation education, reflecting the city’s role as an aviation hub. Additionally, the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) has its headquarters here, underlining Ethiopia’s engagement in regional economic development.

  1. UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

Ethiopia’s historical treasures have earned it several UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including Lalibela’s rock-hewn churches and Aksum’s obelisks. These sites reflect the nation’s ancient civilizations and religious heritage, enriching global cultural diversity.

  1. OAU: Organization of African Unity

Before the establishment of the African Union, the Organization of African Unity (OAU) stood as a symbol of solidarity among African nations against colonialism and apartheid. Ethiopia played a significant role in the OAU, aligning with its history of resistance against foreign domination.

  1. FDRPE: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

Ethiopia’s official name, the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, emphasizes its federal structure and commitment to democracy. This abbreviation encapsulates the nation’s political framework and its aspiration for inclusive governance.

  1. GDP: Gross Domestic Product

In economic terms, GDP is a crucial abbreviation representing the total value of goods and services produced within a country. Ethiopia’s GDP growth has been notable in recent years, showcasing its emerging economy and potential for development.

  1. HSDP: Health Sector Development Program

Ethiopia has made significant strides in its healthcare sector through programs like the Health Sector Development Program. This abbreviation underscores the nation’s dedication to improving public health and well-being.

  1. AmE: Amharic, Ethiopia’s Official Language

Amharic, the official language of Ethiopia, holds a special place in the nation’s identity. The abbreviation “AmE” represents a language rich in history, literature, and cultural expression.

  1. ET: Ethiopian Airlines

Ethiopian Airlines, often abbreviated as ET, is a renowned carrier recognized for its extensive network and quality service. It stands as a symbol of Ethiopian pride, connecting the nation to the world.

  1. IGAD: Intergovernmental Authority on Development

Ethiopia is a member of IGAD, a regional organization focused on addressing security and development challenges in the Horn of Africa. The abbreviation IGAD signifies Ethiopia’s commitment to regional stability.

  1. ETO: Ethiopian Tourism Organization

Tourism plays a growing role in Ethiopia’s economy, and the Ethiopian Tourism Organization promotes the nation’s cultural and natural attractions. The abbreviation ETO highlights Ethiopia’s allure as a tourist destination.

  1. ETB: Ethiopian Birr

The Ethiopian Birr is the nation’s currency, representing its economic transactions and monetary stability.

  1. AU-IBAR: African Union-InterAfrican Bureau for Animal Resources

Given Ethiopia’s agrarian economy and dependence on livestock, its involvement in AU-IBAR showcases its commitment to sustainable livestock development across the continent.

  1. MoFA: Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Ethiopia’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs plays a vital role in the nation’s diplomacy, representing its interests and forging international partnerships.


In the tapestry of Ethiopia’s history, culture, and aspirations, these abbreviations form intricate threads that bind the nation’s narrative. From political revolutions to cultural preservation, economic growth to diplomatic engagement, each abbreviation represents a facet of Ethiopia’s multifaceted identity. As the nation continues to evolve, these abbreviations will undoubtedly expand, creating new layers of significance and contributing to Ethiopia’s ongoing story on the global stage.